Furnace Transformer

Furnace Transformer

Furnace Transformers are developed for melting of induction and heating of induction for ferrous and non-ferrous metal.

The induction furnace has a coil structured from heavy copper tubing. It is developed and turned to the inverter circuit which applies a medium frequency (generally 500 Hz or 1000 Hz) voltage to the induction coil. The magnetic field offered by the induction coil induces eddy currents in the charge and heats it. Medium frequency is necessary to enhance the rate of heat generation.

  • Indoor/ Outdoor Pad Mounted
  • On Load / Off Load Transformer

Features of Furnace Transformer

  • Electrostatic earth shield offered between primary and secondary side windings for secure protection of rectifier components against voltage surges in primary side windings.
  • Utilize reduced current densities to limit losses due to harmonic currents.
  • Utilize reduced flux density to limit core losses due to harmonic flux.
  • Developed to suit 6 Pulse / 12 Pulse or other rectifier circuits as required by furnace manufacturers. Two active parts in one tank can also be provided.
  • Confirming to I.S. 2026 and I.S. 4540 – standards for power transformer and specifications for rectifiers.

Technical Specifications

Type Indoor/ Outdoor Pad Mounted
Duty On Load / Off Load
Voltage Class 3.3, 6.6, 11, 22, 33 Kv or special class by customer
Vector Group Dyn11, Dyn5, Dyn1 or other specified by customer
No. of phase 3 phases
Frequency 50/60 Hz
Tap Range ±10% in on load and ±7.5% in off load or other specified by customer.
Winding Material Copper with multiple paper covering
Applicable Standards IS-2026, IEC 60076
Painting Epoxy, Polyurethane or specified by customer

Why are the weight and dimensions of induction furnace transformers higher than conventional transformers?

  • To achieve reduced current density, more conductor cross-section areas are required, Hence core weight increases.
  • To achieve reduced flux density, more core cross-section is required, hence core weight increases.
  • In a transformer, core weight and copper weight are interdependent. An increase in conductor cross-section requires that the core window is bigger resulting in an increase of core weight also. Similarly, an increase in core cross-section is achieved by increasing core dias which increases mean Dias of winding and the lengths of their mean turn. This increases copper weight also, increase in core and copper weights increase the overall dimensions, increasing oil quantity, structural steel, etc.
  • When an electrostatic shield is provided between the windings, a more radial gap is required between the windings. This further increases core weight, copper weight, oil quantity and structural steel.